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Wine production

Wine production

Climate challenges play a role in wine production

The harvest of grapes and other agricultural products is shaped by the daily variations in temperature between day and night, soil and water.

For grapes, sunny days and cool nights are ideal. Sunny days develop fruit sugars for fermentation, and cool nights are essential for this balancing acidity. Water, whether it is a little rain or irrigation, is the other important factor.

The challenges of climate change are extreme temperatures and lack of water for everyone. Cooking temperatures during the day, hot temperatures at night, and water scarcity can lead to poor crops.

Across the world this year, damage to vineyards from drought, forest fires, floods, frost and hail will be felt over the next few years. The devastating effects of climate change are becoming more and more frequent.

The most damaging events of this year have occurred in France, Italy and California. The French regions of Burgundy, Languedoc and Bordeaux were hit by spring frosts just as the vineyards were budding. About 80% of the vineyards were affected by the sudden drop in temperatures. The silver lining – the roots are still healthy, it’s just the crop that was lost.

And recently, a forest fire swept through part of Provence in the south of France a few days before the harvest. Buildings, equipment and vineyards were lost. Provence is best known for its rosé.

This year, the harvest in Italy started seven days earlier than in 2020 – in the south. The ripening of the grapes was accelerated by prolonged temperatures above 104.

In the north, the estimate is around 10 days behind normal picking times due to frost in Prosecco during the first 10 days of April and summer hail on vineyards in Veneto and Trentino .

In Germany, according to the National Weather Service, two months of rain fell in just 24 hours. In the lush Ahr valley, a tributary of the Rhine, a century flood has seriously damaged this wine region.

In California, drought conditions in recent years have taught vineyard managers the benefits of leaf canopies and row spacing. Leaf canopies shade the grapes preventing sunburn. The size of the crop during a drought resulted in decreased growth of smaller clusters and berries. This is because the vines stop when it gets too hot.

Many expect this year’s yields to be around 20% below the average yield. A short crop in 2021 would be the second reduced crop for California in as many years. According to industry reports, 3.4 million tonnes of fruit were crushed in 2020, 20% less than the average. Less development and smaller berries due to drought led to a smaller crop size.

The Californian harvest began the first week of August, a week earlier than last year. Sparkling grapes are always the first grapes to be harvested because the grapes are picked at lower sugar levels than still wines.

A similar story is unfolding in Washington, with smaller harvests in 2020 and 2021. The Washington State Wine Commission reported 178,500 tonnes of wine grapes harvested in 2020, an 11% drop from 2019. The larger harvest low of 2020 was due to three main factors. events: a frost in October 2019, some areas had wind and rain at the time of flowering, then there were several days of smoke due to forest fires which impacted the timing of the flowering. picking, if at all.

2021 is expected to be smaller than 2020. This was a direct result of the more than 110 weather conditions in June. Growers have seen sunburn and sometimes the grapes shrivel up on the vine. Vineyards that have covered vines during extreme temperatures have little heat damage. Estimates show cluster sizes down 30-40% from last year in many blocks.

Most blocks of white grapes this year will be 4 to 5 tons per acre compared to the normal 7 tons. With red grapes, it is 2½ to 4 tonnes whereas usually it is more in the order of 3 to 5 tonnes per acre.

The Washington sparkling wine harvest began in the Yakima Valley in mid-August. According to Juergen Grieb, owner of Treveri Cellars, “The fruit looks good, but the berries are smaller and the weight of the vineyard is smaller. “

The 2021 harvest at Bacchus vineyards in Sagemoor started last week. More than 20 grape varieties will be harvested at any time of the day, sometimes by hand, sometimes by machine. And over the next few weeks, Sagemoor teams will harvest around 4,400 tonnes of grapes for more than 120 wineries.

In Oregon, the story is the same. Pinot Noir and Chardonnay are fresh grape varieties, unlike Syrah and Grenache which love heat. The smaller crop sizes in the 2020 crop have been made even smaller due to the smell of smoke. Smoke blanketed the vines for the first two weeks of September 2020.

Smoke from the wildfires will also contribute to a smaller crop for 2021. Demand for Oregon wine will likely exceed supply in the next few years.

Wine schools and vineyard managers are considering ways to combat these extremes by changing vineyard design, vine spacing, canopy management, and even changing varieties to more heat tolerant varieties. These conversions have been going on for several years now.

So do your part: conserve the water, drink the wine! Cheers!

Mary Earl has been educating Kitsap wine lovers for over 20 years, a longtime member of the West Sound Brew Club, and can accompany a beer or wine dinner in a flash. She volunteers with the Clear Creek Trail, is a member of the Central Kitsap Community Council and a long-time supporter of Silverdale.


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Trinchero Family Estates hires Aimee Baker to lead luxury wine production

ST. HELENA, Calif., September 2, 2021 / PRNewswire / – Trinchero Family Estates (TFE) today announced that Aimée Boulanger will join the organization as Director of Luxury Winemaking. Formerly Opus One Associate Winemaker, Baker brings a wealth of experience and a passion for team building to TFE’s growing luxury product portfolio.

Aimee will oversee all luxury wine making for Saint Helena– based in Trinchero Family Estates and working out of the organization’s Winemakers’ Studio – a state-of-the-art winemaking facility built in 2017 for TFE’s luxury brands. She will work with winemakers from several brands, including Neyers Vineyards, Bravium, ZIATA, Trinchero Napa Valley and Mason Cellars, and will lead all innovation projects in the luxury sector.

Born and raised on Mount Veeder in Napa Valley, Baker returned to Napa and the wine industry after a successful first career as head coach of women’s rowing at University of California, Santa Barbara then Stanford University for a total of 14 years. After five years as a winemaker for Picchetti Winery in the Santa Cruz mountains, Baker joined the Opus One winemaking team where she developed her expertise in team management and the development of collection wines.

“I am incredibly excited to be working on a range of brands and varietals alongside the team of talented winemakers at Trinchero Family Estates,” said Baker. “Like a Napa Valley native, I have seen the growth and investment in TFE’s luxury portfolio, and I am delighted to be part of building its next chapter. “

Senior Vice President of Winemaking Glenn Andrade commented: “We are very happy that Aimee is joining our organization and leading the luxury wine team. His expertise and experience will be essential to the continued growth and elevation of our luxury wine program. “

Baker’s addition to the Trinchero Family Estates winemaking team complements a sustained model of investing in the company’s resources in recent years, including acquisitions of Napa Valley Mason Cellars, ZIATA and Neyers Vineyards brands, as well as partnerships with renowned Spanish and Italian producers. As one of the most successful family beverage companies in the United States, Trinchero Family Estates continues to expand its capabilities and resources.

About Trinchero Family Estates Wines and Spirits
The second largest family winery in the world and the fourth in the world, Trinchero Family Estates (TFE) comprises more than 50 award-winning brands of wines and spirits distributed in nearly 50 countries around the world. Founded in 1948, when the Italian immigrant Mario Trinchéro brought his young family from New York City To Napa Valley and bought an abandoned Prohibition-era cellar called Sutter’s House in Saint Helena — Trinchero Family Estates has been an innovator for seven decades. Today, Trinchero Family Estates remains deeply rooted in Napa Valley, encompassing a broad portfolio of global offerings, including the flagship brands Sutter Home Family Vineyards and Ménage à Trois; the luxury brands Trinchero Napa Valley, Napa Cellars and Neyers Vineyards; partner brands Joel Gott wines, Charles & Charles and Bieler Père et Fils; import brands San Polo, Famiglia Cotarella, Ceretto, Tenuta Regaleali, Angove Family Winemakers, Avissi Prosecco, Echo Bay, Finca Allende and Terras Gauda; and the spirits and specialty beverage brands Hanson of Sonoma Organic Vodka, Tres Agaves Organic Tequila, Tres Agaves Organic Cocktail Mixers, Amador Whiskey and Trincheri Vermouth. Learn more about www.tfewines.com.

SOURCE Trinchero Family Estates

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Bright Cellars leverages its data platform to manage in-house wine production

Bright Cellars’ rapid wine analysis model has generated information on hundreds of large-scale variables. The resulting platform, with nearly a decade of data, has enabled Bright Cellars to develop its own wine portfolio.

To date, Bright Cellars has launched over 600 wines, including new formats such as sparkling, premium and sustainable. With a rapid, data-driven research and development cycle, Bright Cellars is pioneering successful new wines in an industry struggling to attract a modern consumer. Top rated wines for different segments of Bright Cellars members are often unique in the market and highlight how the wine industry has failed to understand its consumer.

“In a market where incumbents have struggled to attract the next generation of wine drinkers, Bright Cellars’ approach to education, personalization and data has positioned the company well as an intermediary to a new and modern customer. Cleveland Avenue is proud to support Bright Cellars’ work to transform the wine industry. “Mentioned Jacob Shapiro, manager at Cleveland Avenue.

“I’m excited to partner with one of Cleveland Avenue’s top food and beverage investors for the next step in our business. The top-rated wine on our platform has a unique taste and look – it doesn’t. There is no equivalent in the market. Every year since we launched Bright Cellars, ratings on the platform have increased – taking advantage of the data we get from direct feedback is fueling a better wine experience for our members. ” Says Bright Cellars CEO and Co-Founder, Richard yau.

This round of funding will allow the company to advance its data platform, continue its personalized training, expand its portfolio of award-winning wines and expand its operations.

About Cleveland Avenue
Founded by Don and Liz Thompson, Cleveland Avenue is a venture capital firm that invests in food and beverage brands, as well as technologies that positively disrupt large, growing markets. Learn more at clevelandavenue.com and follow them on Twitter, LinkedIn and Instagram.

SOURCE Les Caves Lumineuses Inc.



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French wine production set to hit its lowest level in 44 years

In the spring of this year, France experienced devastating frosts in its wine regions. As a result, the world’s second-largest wine producer (after Italy) should experience historically low production this harvest season.

“For now, it looks like the yield will be comparable to that of 1977, a year when the harvest of vines was reduced by both destructive frost and summer downpours,” the Agriculture Ministry said, according to France 24.

Sudden cold fronts in April spread over French wine regions, threatening young grape buds early in their growth cycle. Well-known regions like Bordeaux and the Rhone Valley are “likely to experience a drop in production of between 24 and 30%”, predicts the ministry.

Apart from frost, heavy summer rains and mildew are also factors of the expected drop in production. More than 32.6 hectoliters (861 gallons) will likely be lost.

Other fruits grown by farmers in these areas have also been severely affected. Apricot production is at its worst year in nearly four decades, according to the ministry.

“[It’s] probably the biggest agricultural disaster of the beginning of the 21st century, ”said Agriculture Minister Julien Denormandie.


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French wine production could be lowest in at least 40 years, if ever

As if we don’t have enough worries in 2021 – a pandemic, a climate crisis, inflation – wine lovers have just heard horrible news: this year will probably be one of the worst – otherwise the worst – year for wine production in the history of France.

“For now, it seems that the yield will be comparable to that of 1977, when the harvest of vines was reduced by both destructive frosts and summer showers,” the French Ministry of Agriculture announced on Friday. according to AFP. At the very least, the ministry would have estimated that this year would be worse than the last two years of poor harvests – 1991 and 2017 – with total production expected to drop 24 to 30 percent from last year, placing the 2021 vintage at “historically low”. “levels.

The bad news is not necessarily a surprise: April’s frost is said to affect up to 80% of vineyards in wine regions across the county, with damage estimated at around $ 2 billion. At the time, the French Minister of Agriculture Julien Denormandie described the event as “probably the greatest agricultural disaster of the beginning of the 21st century”.

damaged grape buds

Raymon Rogi / AFP / Getty Images A photo taken on April 13, 2021 shows grape buds damaged by frost the previous week in Estagel, near Perpignan, in southern France.

Despite the widespread devastation, some grape varieties have been more affected than others. For example, in Burgundy, winemakers said the damage was worse for Chardonnay, which buds earlier than Pinot Noir, according to Decanter. Elsewhere in the country, Merlot has also apparently been hit hard.

Still, the ministry reportedly added a reminder that these data were still preliminary as the harvest season is far from over, and also stressed that the assessment is based on quantity and not quality.

And whatever the case, all is not lost: even in the lowest range of production estimated for 2021, France will still produce the equivalent of more than 4.3 billion bottles of wine. So there is still plenty of wine to shop around, but it remains to be seen if prices will rise.


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French wine production is set to fall by 30%

A confluence of meteorological misfortunes is hurting the wine harvest in France. First, there were severe frosts in the spring, which laid the groundwork for disaster by damaging 30% of the production. Then, torrential summer rains hit western Europe in July, leaving parts of Germany and Belgium ravaged by flooding, and causing fungal attacks on grapes and their leaves in France.

All of this has prepared France for a 24-30% drop in wine supply this year, the lowest production since 1970, France’s agriculture ministry said on Friday, as Reuters reported.

For champagne, the harvest potential has been halved, some producers have warned.

In Italy, high temperatures in the south caused an early harvest, while heavy rains in the north caused a late harvest, according to the Coldiretti Farmers’ Association, the world’s largest wine producer. Production is expected to drop by 5-10%.

Highlighting the rise in sea levels in Italy, the infiltration of salt water inland, the burning crops in the fields and the devastating droughts, Coldiretti said in a statement Monday that he was raising a ” alarm occasion “based on the landmark report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released Monday. He said there is no scientific doubt that humans are fueling climate change.

Agriculture, we read in Coldiretti’s press release, is the economic activity that suffers the most from the consequences of climate change on a daily basis, but it is also the sector most committed to combating them.

The winegrowers had warned of this plunge. Earlier in the year, the winemakers took drastic measures to protect their vines: renting helicopters to push hot air towards the ground or lighting candles around the vineyards.

But efforts have failed to avoid the effects of extreme weather conditions, which are worsening as climate change progresses.

These weather-induced production headaches are hitting harder on an industry already grappling with the negative effects of the pandemic and US tariffs.

Published Friday, the first national overview of wine production in France predicted 2021 production to be between 32.6 and 35.6 million hectoliters. That’s 24-30% less than last year – with one hectolitre equivalent to around 133 bottles of standard wine.

“Wine production in 2021 is expected to be historically low, lower than the levels of 1991 and 2017 which were also affected by severe frosts in the spring,” the French agriculture ministry said in the report cited by Reuters.

Jérôme Despey, producer and head of the wine committee of the agricultural agency FranceAgriMer, told Reuters it was time for a slight recovery, as the grapes were at least 10 days to two weeks behind the growth rate of Last year.

As for prices, champagne producers say adjusting supply with stocks from previous seasons will prevent a spike, Reuters reported. Usually, champagne houses keep a reserve of production from past years to use in the event of a drop in supply or an increase in demand.

“Wine producers are facing major challenges this year,” Despey said. “The lost production will never be compensated by market prices. “


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In France, forecasts of a historic fall in wine production

France’s agriculture ministry said on August 6 that the country’s wine production this year could drop to an all-time low, with a drop of up to 30%. “Wine production in 2021 is expected to be historically low, lower than the levels of 1991 and 2017 which were also affected by severe frosts in the spring,” the ministry said in a report.

“Yields are expected to be close to those of 1977, a year when the harvest was reduced by frost and damaging summer rainfall.”

An “agricultural disaster”

Agriculture Minister Julien Denormandie described the freeze as “probably the biggest agricultural disaster of the beginning of the 21st century”. In April, several frosty nights caused the most damage in decades to crops and vines across France. Heavy summer rains also favored the growth of late blight.

According to the ministry, the overall production of French wine should be between 32.6 and 35.6 million hectoliters (3.26 to 3.56 billion liters). The grapes are around 10 days to two weeks behind last year’s growth rate, giving some growers hope that there may still be time to recover slightly.

Experts believe that climate change has greatly increased the chances of such events happening again. A study by the World Weather Attribution, an international organization that analyzes extreme weather events, reported that warmer climates increased the likelihood of an extreme frost coinciding with a growing season by 60%.

France is not alone in its gloomy wine forecasts. In Italy, the world’s largest wine producer, the Coldiretti farmers’ association is also forecasting a 5-10% drop in production this year. High temperatures led the harvest to start a week earlier in the south, while heavy rains stunted grape growth in the north, according to Coldiretti.

What about the prices?

Champagne prices, at least, are unlikely to rise, thanks to its producers’ long-standing practice of adjusting supply with stocks from previous seasons. However, the impact on the wider wine market could also depend on further restrictions on coronaviruses.

“Wine growers are facing major difficulties this year,” said Jérôme Despey, producer and head of the wine committee at the agricultural agency FranceAgriMer. “The lost production will never be compensated by market prices.”

fb / rs (AFP, Reuters)


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Amherst Farm Winery for sale, features a 3 bedroom farmhouse, wine production room, vineyards and more

Those who dream of owning a winery and their own vineyard don’t need to move to Napa to make their dreams come true.

The Amherst Farm Winery went on sale Wednesday morning for $ 950,000.

“This property is perfect for a buyer who wants to live on site and operate a farming business,” said Greg Stutsman, Broker / Owner of Brick & Mortar. “The owner would be happy to see the property continue as a winery, but ultimately that decision will be up to a future owner. “

It includes a 3 bedroom, 1 bathroom farmhouse and covers 2 hectares. The property also includes vineyards, an expansive rear terrace, a wine production room or conditioning room and lounge.

“The property has a long history in Amherst, including being home to popular local restaurants, The Rusty Scupper and, later, Seasons,” Stutsman said. “Set on 2 acres of land with vineyards and ample parking, the property’s signature feature is the generously sized post and beam barn attached and located behind the farm residence.”

If the new owner decides to continue with the winery, they will have a very short ride, the list jokes.

“Plans have been made to complete the winery with a distillery, and the property has potential for marijuana research / cultivation businesses, among others,” the listing states.

The current owner has “other projects elsewhere in the country that they plan to focus on,” Stutsman told MassLive, which is why they have decided to sell.

Yet, they are not planning to leave just yet.

“The Amherst Farm Winery continues to operate normally and the owner plans to be at the Big E this fall, where visitors will have the chance to taste wines,” said Stutsman.

For those interested in the winery, click here for the full list.

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Climate change poses challenges for wine production on the West Coast

TURNER, Oregon – The heat wave that recently hit the Pacific Northwest subjected the region’s vineyards to record temperatures nine months after fields that produce world-class wine were blanketed in smoke from the fires forest.

But when temperatures started to climb to nearly 120 degrees Fahrenheit in late June, the grapes in Oregon and Washington state were still young, as small as BB’s, many still shaded by foliage that didn’t had not yet been trimmed.

The good news for wine growers, winemakers and wine enthusiasts is the historic heat wave that occurred during a narrow window when the fruit suffered little to no damage. Sooner or later in the growing season it could have been disastrous.

The bad news is that extreme weather events and forest fires are likely to become more frequent due to climate change. A less intense heat wave hit parts of the western United States again about a week after extreme temperatures hit the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia on June 25 and persisted for several days, causing what could be hundreds of heat-related deaths.

This cool, rainy part of the country normally experiences many sunny summer days, but wine growers are worried about what to expect amid a historic drought linked to climate change: Extremely high temperatures could still strike and fires could strike. forest should be fierce.

That includes Christine Clair, estate manager for Willamette Valley Vineyards in the town of Turner, just outside the Oregon capital. She watched rare winds last September smother the Willamette Valley, famous for its delicate Pinot Noir, in the smoke of nearby flames.

“Last year was our first experience in the Willamette Valley with forest fires and the impact of their smoke. Although it was considered a unique easterly wind event over 100 years, we believe we are now at risk every year, ”Clair said.

In recent years, wineries around the world have started betting against global warming and its fallout by moving to cooler areas, planting varieties that are more resistant to heat and drought, and shading their grapes with more foliage.

Likewise, following the heatwave in the Northwest, the vineyards plan to protect their crops from more intense sunlight.

At Dusted Valley Vintners in Walla Walla, Wash., Less foliage will be cut to keep grapes in shade and prevent sunburn, co-owner Chad Johnson said.

Workers, who are limited to morning work on very hot days, will also leave more grapes on the vine, so the fruit will ripen more slowly, Johnson said.

He has never seen conditions so early in summer as the heatwave, with the thermometer soaring above 100 degrees for several days in the eastern city of Washington, near the Oregon border.

“It’s really unusual and unprecedented in my career as I’ve been making wine here for 20 years,” Johnson said.

June 29 was the hottest day in Walla Walla history, reaching 116 degrees and breaking the previous record by two degrees.

Climate change, Johnson noted, has become a major concern for him and other wine producers around the world.

“If it’s not that horrible early spring frost they’re having in Europe this year, it’s the forest fires in the West, along with the drought. It’s always something, ”Johnson said. “And it gets more and more serious every year. “

The industry, meanwhile, totaled damage from last year’s wildfires that blanketed California, Oregon and Washington state in thick smoke.

So many California growers were concerned about the unpleasant “smoky taste” in the wine produced from their grapes that they tried to have the fruit tested to see if the crops were worth harvesting.

The few testing labs were so overwhelmed that they couldn’t keep up with demand. Some wineries have chosen not to risk turning some of their own grapes into bad wine and damaging their brand and have stopped accepting untested grapes from producers.

“Without a doubt, California’s winegrowers’ financial record has been unprecedented,” John Aguirre, president of the California Association of Winegrape Growers, said in an email.

Industry estimates show California growers suffered losses of $ 601 million from unharvested wine grapes, Aguirre said.

“The risk of forest fires seems to be greater today than in the past and it is very, very troubling for many growers,” said Aguirre, noting that they also have to deal with the heat, the heat. drought, frost, excessive rains, pests and diseases.

There is little that wineries can do to prevent forest fires outside their property, but if they are inundated with smoke, they can try to minimize the damage. For example, they can turn some of the grapes most exposed to smoke into rosé instead of red wine. This limits contact with the skin of the grape during winemaking and can reduce the concentration of aromatic smoke compounds.

A report on the California harvest from the San Francisco-based Wine Institute said that despite the challenges, many wineries are excited about the 2020 vintage.

Corey Beck, CEO and head of winemaking at Francis Ford Coppola Winery in Sonoma County, Calif., Said he was optimistic based on small batch fermentation trials.

“It was like, ‘Oh my god, these wines are great,’” Beck told the Wine Institute.

Willamette Valley Vineyards also fermented small samples of the grapes to assess whether the smoke would affect the resulting wine. Its 2020 Whole Cluster Pinot Noir vintage received good marks from Wine Enthusiast magazine.

But winemaking has become so difficult and competitive that when people turn to Johnson for advice on getting into the business, he tries to talk them out of it.

“The first thing I do is tell them it’s probably not a good idea,” he said. “It’s really, really hard, and it’s getting harder and harder.”

Article by Andrew Selsky, Associated Press


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Russian watchdog to control imported wine production technologies – Business & Economy

MOSCOW, July 8. / TASS /. The Russian Federal Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance Service will verify the compliance of manufacturing technologies for imported wine products with Russian standards, the regulator announced on Thursday.

The monitoring body “prepared and sent to countries supplying wine products in Russia requests for information on current systems for the supervision of wine production. Russian standards, “said the authority.

These measures will cover all countries exporting wine to Russia, the regulator noted. The European Union is Russia’s largest supplier of wine, regulator chief Sergey Dankvert said in the statement.

In 2020, European grape wine exports totaled $ 752 million with 223 million liters of EU wines placed on the Russian market. Italy (93 million liters), Spain (67 million liters), France (36 million liters), Portugal (13 million liters) and Germany (7 million liters) are the main wine exporters to Russia. The country has imported 108 million liters of wine worth 383 million EU dollars so far this year.

The materials requested by the regulator have so far only been supplied by Chile and Portugal (not in full). “The Russian authority is interested in receiving the required data and settling the organizational issues of future inspections with the countries as soon as possible,” noted the watchdog.


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